Briefing: Freeports and labour standards

Freeports are associated with poorer working conditions across the globe.

Ben Crawford, IER PhD researcher, responds to the government’s drive towards the creation of freeports with an analysis of their impact on workers’ wages and conditions internationally.

He notes that where freeports have been poorly designed, they do not just become a way for firms to avoid customs duties, but also a way for them to exploit workers.


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